欢迎光临
我们一直在努力

终于明了中学英语半系动词用法 半系动词

系动词是英语动词中比较活跃的一种动词类型。系动词可分为纯系动词和半系动词两种。纯系动词为各种形式的be动词。半系动词是兼有实义动词和纯系动词特征的动词。下面小编告诉你中学英语半系动词用法,大家一起来看看吧!

 

中学英语半系动词用法:

 

1、“感官动词”类:look feel smell taste sound等,例如:

 

(1)The story sounds_______.(MET89)

 

A.to be trueB.as trueC.being trueD.true

 

(2)Those oranges taste_______.(MET91)

 

A.good B.wellC.to be goodD.to be well

 

(3)–Are you feeling_______ (NMET92)

 

–Yes I’m fine now.

 

A.any wellB.any betterC.quite goodD.quite better

 

(4)–Do you like the material

 

–Yes it______very well.(NMET94)

 

A.is feelingB.feltC.feelsD.is felt

 

(5)–How are you today

 

–Oh I______as ill as I do now for a very long time.(NMET2000)

 

A.didn’t feelB.wasn’t feeling C.don’t feel D.haven’t felt

 

(6)–You don’t look very______.Are you ill

 

–No I’m just a bit tired.(北京春招2003)

 

A.goodB.wellC.strongD.healthy

 

(7)The man we followed suddenly stopped and looked as if

 

______whether he was going in the right direction.(2003春招)

 

A.seeingB.having seenC.to have seenD.to see

 

解析 此七题的答案分别是DABCDBD。此类半系动词通常可以直接搭配形容词或like或asif等结构。此类半系动词一般不使用进行时或被动语态。第(7)题的asif后实际上省略了he wanted.
 

中学英语半系动词用法

 

2、“状态变化”类:get turn go come become grow fall make等,例如:

 

(1)–How long_____each other before they______married

 

–For a bouta year.(NMET93)

 

A.have they known get

 

B.did they know were going to get

 

C.do they know are going to get

 

D.had they known got

 

(2)Cleaning women in big cities usually get_____by the hour.(NMET98)

 

A.payB.payingC.paidD.to pay

 

(3)As we joined the big crowd I got______frommy friends.(NMET2001)

 

A.separatedB.sparedC.lostD.missed

 

(4)Becareful when you cross this very busy street.If not you may______run over by a car.(北京春招2002)

 

A.haveB.getC.becomeD.turn

 

(5)–How are the team playing

 

–They are playing well but one of them______hurt.(2002春招)

 

A.gotB.getsC.areD.were

 

解析 此五题的答案分别是DCABA。由此可见get后搭配过去分词构成系表结构是非常常见的一种搭配形式。它常表示一种状态,不强调动作。

 

系动词seem的用法与搭配:

 

1. 用作连系动词,表示“似乎”“好像”,其后用作表语的可以是名词、形容词、介词短语、不定式、分词等。如:

 

He seems quite happy. 他看来很快活。

 

That seems not a bad idea. 这似乎是一个不坏的主意。

 

You seem out of temper today. 你今天情绪似乎不大好。

 

His first memories seemed connected with work. 他最早的记忆似乎和工作有关。

 

后接不定式时,不定式根据情况可以是一般式,也可以是进行式或完成式等。如:

 

She seems to be crying. 她好像在哭。

 

He didn’t seem to have changed much. 他似乎没多大变化。

 

注意:seem 后可接不定式,但通常不接动名词。
 

 

2. 在 it seems 后可接 as if 从句或 that 从句。如:

 

It seems that he is living in the area. 他似乎就住在这一带。

 

It seems as if everybody knew except me. 好像除我之外其他人都知道了。

 

后接 that 从句时,有时可用 so, not 代之。如:

 

A:Does he know her? 他认识她吗?

 

B:It seems so (not). 好像是认识(不认识)。

 

3. 用作seem like,其中的like通常为介词,其后接名词或代词。如:

 

It seems like yesterday. 这仿佛是昨天发生的事。

 

It seems like the answer to my problem. 它似乎是我问题的答案。

 

但在非正式文体中,也可后接句子。如:

 

It seems like the year flies by. 一年好像飞逝般过去。

 

It seems like their marriage is over. 看起来他们的婚姻结束了。

 

4. 有时还可用于 there seems (to be)。如:

 

There seems (to be) something wrong with it. 好像有什么问题。

 

There seems to be a mistake in these figures. 这些数字中好像有个错误。

 

5. 比较以下同义句型:

 

It seems that he has a lot of money.=He seems to have a lot of money. 他似乎很有钱。

 

系动词rest的用法:

 

rest用作连系动词只限于和少数形容词搭配。如:

 

■rest a mystery

 

The affair rests a mystery. 这件事一直是个谜。

 

■rest easy

 

Rest easy. 不要紧张。

 

■rest assured

 

You can rest assured that I will do my best. 你放心,我会尽力。

 

You can rest assured that I’ll do my best. 你可以放心我会尽力而为的。

 

You may rest assured that everything possible is being done. 你尽管放心,正在尽力把一切都做好。

 

You may rest assured that l will do everything I call to help you. 你可以相信我会尽力帮助你的。

 

■rest thus

 

The matter rests thus—that you are responsible for the damage. 事实仍然是这样——你得对损坏负责。

 

系动词fall的用法:

 

fall用作连系动词只限于和少数形容词或名词搭配。如:

 

■fall asleep

 

The child soon fell asleep. 孩子很快睡着了。

 

While he was studying, he fell asleep. 他念书念得睡着了。

 

He fell asleep with the light still burning. 灯还开着他睡着了。

 

He said that if he fell asleep at the wheel she was to wake him up. 他说,如果他在开车时打瞌睡,她必须把他叫醒。

 

■fall ill

 

Tom suddenly fell ill yesterday. 汤姆昨天突然病了。

 

He has fallen ill. 他病了。

 

He was to have been the new ambassador, but he fell ill. 他本来要出任新大使,但是病倒了。

 

■fall silent

 

He fell silent. 他静了下来。

 

At the President’s entry everyone fell silent. 总统进来时大家都安静下来。

 

■fall a victim

 

He fell a victim to her charms. 他成了她魅力的受害者。

 

Lots of people fell victims to fascism. 许多人成了法西斯的受害人。

 

■fall prey

 

The zebra fell prey to the lion. 那斑马被狮子捕食。

 

She was prey to irrational fears. 她遭受着无端恐惧的折磨。

评论 抢沙发

  • 昵称 (必填)
  • 邮箱 (必填)
  • 网址
赞(0) 打赏
分享到: 更多 (0)

轻博客

联系我们联系我们

觉得文章有用就打赏一下文章作者

支付宝扫一扫打赏

微信扫一扫打赏